Semeru is named from Sumeru, the fundamental world mountain from Buddhist cosmology. Semeru also known to Mahameru, Or Mount Semeru Indonesia or GunungSemeru – situated between the regencies of Malang and Lumajang with geographic position of 8 06 south latitude and 12 55 east longitude. The summit of Mount Semeru is 3, 676 m above sea level. Consequently, Mount Semeru is among the highest mountains on the Java Island. It’s a stratovolcano in the BromoTenggerSemeru National Park. It covers some 800 sq kilometers in the middle of East Java. At its northern end is the magnificent Tengger Caldera, Java’s biggest, with its 10 km barren desert such as the sea of sand.
Inside the caldera increase deep fissured volcanic cones of Batok and Bromo, the latter remains active with a cavernous crater where the smoke blows skyward. Temperatures at the crest Of mount Bromo range from approximately 5 to 18 degrees Celcius. In the South is a rolling upland plateau dissected by valleys and dotted with numerous Small scenic lakes, extending to the foot of Mount Semeru, a towering gray forest skirted cone ruling the southern landscape. BromoTenggerSemeru National Park is one of the conservation areas that has been already well known by many individuals. This can be proved by increasing of individuals to visit the park with several interests such as for recreation, camping out climbing, trekking, education, and research.
Realizing that situation, the authorities had launched BromoTenggerSemeru National Park area as a national park that was based on Nov 12, 1992, with covering an area of 50.267, 3 ha, which administratively is located in 4 regencies of Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Malang and Lumajang, East Java Province. Semeru is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. Since 1818, at least 55 eruptions have been recorded. The volcano belches out a massive cloud of steam and smoke every 20 minutes or so and sometimes interspersed with ash and stones. Lately, the Indonesian Mount Semeru in Eastern Java erupted. Precisely on early Sunday, May 10, 2009, it exploded, spewing the smoke and ash high into the sky and coat a neighboring town in the black dust’.
Recent chilly volcanoes flood the rivers around the Semeru villages. No evacuation has been ordered, but volcanologists are monitoring the volcano closely for signs of deadly heat clouds – the term often utilized in Indonesia for pyroclastic flows. The volcanological Indonesian government said they don’t need to elevate the alert level in Semeru of the second greatest level of siaga or orange. Proxy 15 sub-district regions of Lumajang, East Java, Indonesia have an ash impact, mainly as they flow through agricultural areas. Due to the erupting volcano, the mountain savannah, along with the lake, the sceneries around here are an impressive sight to behold. The bracket climbers tend to visit this bracket to enjoy its natural view and beautiful sunset, look from the peak of the bracket. The beautiful and attractive panorama or distinctive atmosphere can be found here with her trendy and atmosphere.